Open Educational Resources



So what are open education  resources? 






‘Open education is changing lives’.

   ‘Equal access to knowledge means equal opportunities in life’.



Famous global examples of OER


Using OER (Open Educational Resources) in the classroom:

žOpen educational resources (OER) are growing in breadth and quality, as is the use of these materials in classrooms, networks, and school communities.

žžThe use and adoption of OER materials is increasingly a matter of policy in schools, especially in the many disciplines in which high quality educational content is more abundant than ever.

A big mistake about OER.

žOften mistaken to simply mean “free of charge” .

žAdvocates of OER have worked towards a common vision that defines it more broadly — not just free in economic terms, but also in terms of ownership and usage rights.


The goal of OER is:

žThe goal is that OER materials are:

ž 1. Freely copiable

ž2. Freely remixable

ž3. Culturally sensitive – žFree of barriers to access, sharing, and educational use.

open goal


In 2013

žIn 2013, the EU identified the development of OER as:

žOne of three actions of the “Opening Up Education”.

žIt was an initiative proposed to bring the digital revolution to schools and universities.

žAs part of this initiative, a web portal called “Open Education Europa” was launched.


The focus now today is:

žThe focus is increasingly moving to the process of learning than on the body of information conveyed.

What is the appeal?

žPart of the appeal of OER is that they are a response to:

ž1. The rising costs of traditionally published resources.

ž2. The related lack of educational resources in some regions.

Benefits of OER

žA major consideration of OER initiatives lies in resolving intellectual property issues to ensure that the resources:

žShared for free

žAdaptable for anyone

žFor any purpose.


How is OER verified?

žThere are three ways in which OER quality is commonly verified:

ž1. The users and/or community.

ž2. By a peer review process.

ž3. By adherence to an established quality assurance criterion.



What is available to aid teachers?

žTo aid teachers with integrating OER into their classroom practices, the “OER Commons” is an online hub for:

ž1. Content curation

ž2. Training that was developed by the Institute for the Study of Knowledge Management in Education.

žThe “OER Commons” provides teacher education on the use and creation of learning materials with:

ž1. Open Author, a three-step online publisher that licences and shares the content with the “OER Commons” community.

ž2. In addition to offering face-to-face training

ž3. Sessions with the “Teachers as Makers Academy”.

žThe project also provides a year-long mentorship programme and webinar trainings as part of the “OER Fellowship Programme.”


An example: Klascement in Germany

žStarted in 1998 as a resource website for primary and secondary teachers in Belgium to share teacher generated content.

žAs of 2014, it is part of the Ministry of Education. The site now includes OER suitable forcrossborder usage and examples of best practices.

To evaluate OER

žOER Commons is a model for teacher education that transcends national boundaries and provides a variety of training options to teachers everywhere.

It is an amazing educational resource that all teachers should utilise!





Modern day Shakespeare 

shakespeare picture

William Shakespeare still today has a significance in our lives. We say things and we do not know that some of sentences originated from Shakespeare. Shakespeare wrote 1/10 of the most quoted lines ever written or spoken in English!

The idea of tackling Shakespeare in school has sometimes sent chills down both students’ and teachers’ spines, but the truth is that studying Shakespeare does not have to be so scary/daunting. His plays and sonnets are filled with themes that are relevant still to this day. Most importantly, Shakespeare knew how to tell a good story.

shakespeare statistics

Shakespeare invented many words! 3,000 in fact!

willliam s

Even words that our students think were only invented lately like ‘twerk’ and ‘swagger’.



Young people today love using quotes to describe their daily lives! Many of them do not realise that the quotes they are using are by Shakespeare.

a fool



go slowly

love me


It is important to show the students this so they can relate to Shakespeare!


Tasks to use in the classroom

Here is a Shakespeare’s original version and a modern version from the play ‘Romeo and Juliet’.

Original- Juliet: Thou know’st the mask of night is on my face, Else would a maiden blush bepaint my cheek For that which thou hast heard me speak to-night Fain would I dwell on form, fain, fain deny What I have spoke: but farewell compliment! Dost thou love me? I know thou wilt say ‘Ay,’ And I will take thy word: yet if thou swear’st, Thou mayst prove false; at lovers’ perjuries Then say, Jove* laughs. O gentle Romeo, If thou dost love, pronounce it faithfully: Or if thou think’st I am too quickly won, I’ll frown and be perverse an say thee nay, So thou wilt woo; but else, not for the world. In truth, fair Montague, I am too fond.
A modern equivalent Juliet: Because it’s dark, you can’t see my face. Otherwise you’d see me blushing About what you’ve heard me say tonight. I would willingly stay polite and deny  What I have said. But forget about being polite, Do you love me? I know you will say yes.
And I will believe you. But if you promise you love me, You might actually be lying. They say God laughs  When lovers lie to each other. Oh gentle Romeo, If you do love me, say it truly. Or if you think it’s too quick and easy to get me to love you, I’ll frown and play hard to get and say no to you So you’ll try harder to win me. But otherwise, I wouldn’t act that way for anything. To tell you the truth, handsome Montague, I’m too keen on you.

As a task, you could put the students in to groups and get each group to rewrite in modern language certain parts of the play.

Another task- Shakespearean vocabulary 

Work in pairs to match the Shakespearean vocabulary (1-15) with the modern day equivalents (a-o).
Shakespearean Modern day
1. Fain
2. Farewell
3. Nay
4. Oft
5. Woo
6. Lest
7. Wherefore
8. Methinks
9. Pronounce
10. Ay
11. Swear
12. Twas
13. Perjury
14. Else
15. Prithee
a. Say
b. Yes
c. Otherwise
d. Promise
e. Telling a lie
f. For fear that, in case
g. Flirt or romance
h. Why
i. Goodbye
j. Often
k. I think
l. Willingly
m. No
n. Please
o. It was

Another task could be:

Look at these famous quotes from Shakespeare.

What are the modern-day equivalents of the underlined words?

1. ‘The fool doth think he is wise, but the wise man knows himself to be a fool.’  As You Like It
2. ‘This above all: to thine own self be true,  And it must follow, as the night the day,  Thou canst not then be false to any man.’ Hamlet
3. ‘Give every man thy ear, but few thy voice.’ Hamlet
4. ‘Many a true word hath been spoken in jest*.’ King Lear

Once the task is complete, start a discussion with the students about the quotes!

Talking like Shakespeare task.
With a partner, write a short dialogue using as many of the Shakespearean words in as you can, and Shakespearean grammar. Then read your dialogue aloud to the class.


Shakespeare Resources

Shakespeare Online
A wide range of information about Shakespeare and his works.

Images of Shakespeare’s life.

These black and white images show the house where Shakespeare was born, the writing on his tombstone, and more.

Absolute Shakespeare
An essential resource for William Shakespeare’s plays, sonnets, poems, quotes, biography and the legendary Globe Theatre .

Elizabethan dress

Learn about Elizabethan dress on this website that even includes some patterns to make your own!!

Poetry magnetic tiles

This is a really cool tool works like magnetic poetry tiles. Select how many Shakespearean words you want, then receive that many random tiles that you can arrange however you like to create your own Shakespearean poetry.

Folger Shakespeare Library Online Resources for Teachers
This site has lesson plans and resources for teaching Shakespeare. You can sign up for a newsletter, find links to videos, and much more from this site that makes teaching Shakespeare easier!

Shakespeare dictionary

This is a brilliant dictionary that provides definitions for words that are no longer used or have changed in meaning  for example ‘power’ and it also offers insight into the symbolism of words that modern readers might not recognize.

Shake Speare 

This guide offers a lot! It has personal information about Shakespeare to plots of all his plays to a handy list of glossaries.

No Fear Shakespeare

This resource is from Spark Notes. It puts two pages side by side: one with Shakespeare’s language and one with modern language.

Open Source Shakespeare

You read Shakespeare’s works here, or you can use the concordance to learn about specific words and get statistics.

Understanding Shakespeare

This site offers translations of some of the most common Shakespearean words.

Phrase used by Shakespeare

This site allows us to find out what common phrases were probably first used by Shakespeare.

Teachers guide to Shakespeare

This guide tips and advice for teaching any Shakespeare drama.


You can listen to 8 of Shakespeare plays and 4 sonnets here.

Video clips

This site contains a variety of  videos clips .


How well do you know Shakespeare quizzes?

Shakespeare quotations quiz

Shakespeare general quiz